HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE DIGITAL ERA (INDONESIAN CASE)

  • The authors:
    Muhamad Supraja
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 626-633
  • Section: DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN CONTEMPORARY SCIENCE COMMUNICATION: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/626-633/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-626-633

Abstract. Education is not only mean of formal education like school or
university (higher education institution), there are also another institutions
which educate individual, or society, namely informal education, such as
family, religious institution, and others which exist surround ourselves. The
rest of social institution is non-formal education, for examples; institution
course, workshop, studio, etc. So, individual can get knowledge and skills
from all of three social institutions. Unfortunately, at present if we talk
about education many people always think it must be university or school
(formal education). Even though, as Ivan Illich says that education is not
similar or identic with university, school or formal education institution.
School or university of course just a part of education in general. Because
school is institution which is built by using an assumption that teaching
activity is produced by the result of studying (Illich, 2008: 40).
If people aware that the medium of education process were a lot, so people,
or student can undergo the learning process by using all of information or
knowledge which originate from many resources; formal, informal, and
non-formal institution. More and more of knowledge resources which
originate from the three education institutions, they will enrich and
enlighten individual and people for their life.
Higher education formally limits the students with certain knowledge in
accordance to major they took, and university design it’s curriculum as
close as to the need of industry (capitalist), although in social reality the
students learn sometimes different from subject matter they take. In the
digital era students have a lot of chance to utilize a lot of resources, not only
from their university subject matter, but also from other resources, such as
social media which easier to be accessed in campus (university). Almost in
each university it has internet access which can be accessed freely by the
academics.
There are various information resources exist in social media, such as social
networks, discussion forums, media sharing networks, and others. All of
them are easier to find by using Google machine, Bing, and so on. Students
can access information and it can be several types of information; online
news on various and contemporary issues, or academic (scientific) materials,
skill, ideas, etc. The bad impact of social media, ”Students neglect their
studies by spending time on social networking websites rather than studying
626
DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-626-633
or interacting with people in person. Actively and frequently participating in
social networking can negatively affect their grades or hamper their
journeys to their future careers” (Christ V. A., 2019). Or maybe as the point
of view of internet user who has strong rooted and can’t change is about
Law of Pommer, namely the Internet can only change a person’s mind from
having no opinion to having a wrong opinion (Nichols, 2018: p, 107). By
the existence of social media, the situation also causes students tend to
choose pragmatic and efficient way related their learning process. They less
to go to the library to read books or offline resources, as; journal, magazine,
etc.
Based on the explanation above, the university faces problem, such as the
laziness of student to read off line materials at library. And the challenge of
university for the future is how to utilize and integrate on line and offline
resources to develop university, especially student creativity, and
innovation. If the university success to do, then the rumors of university will
be left by the students or society will be wrong et all. And it means that the
role of university to enlighten society will be awaited.
Keywords: Higher Education, online, offline, social media

Muhamad Supraja
Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, e-mail: Praja3@ugm.ac.id

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