• The authors:
    Victoria A. Shcherbakova
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 607-615
  • URL:
  • DOI:

Abstract. Cyber socialization has both positive and negative effects.
Negative consequences include the negative impact on the social, emotional
and physical health of adolescents. Speaking of social health, spending more
time on the Internet and social networks, they isolate themselves from their
parents and “offline” communication, thereby losing the skills of effective
communication. The level of physical health also decreases: communication
on the Internet involves spending time in a room without movement. This
has a negative impact on posture, vision and can lead to overweight and
Among the factors that adversely affect the emotional health of adolescents
can be identified cyber-bullying. Bullying is a popular term implying
aggressive behavior, persecution, harassment of one of the team members
by other members. Cyber-bullying is an insult, a threat that a victim receives
through electronic communication, through messages in social networking
accounts. Cyber-bullying extremely negatively affects the emotional
background of a teenager, which can lead to depression and even suicide.
Also, dependence on the Internet exacerbates such psychological
characteristics inherent in adolescents as
1) procrastination – a tendency to postpone important matters
2) attention deficit – the inability to focus on the task, jumping from one task
to another.
However, one cannot speak of cyber-socialization only as a negative
phenomenon for society. Social networks unite people from all over the
world being a way of communication without borders. Adolescents who
have difficulties communicating at school can make friends for their
interests on the Internet, and even enter romantic relationships if they are
constrained in real life. Also, the Internet and social networks have a
recreative function; teens can chat with friends, keep abreast of news, read
books and articles, watch movies, play games.
The active use of the Internet can even help youngsters become more
competitive in the labor market for they may have already got knowledge in
DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-607-615
information technology from experimenting with the production of digital
The active use of the Internet leads to the fact that many young people,
when it comes time to return to work, have knowledge in the field of
information technology, experimenting with the production of digital media,
which makes them more competitive in the labor market. In English, there is
the term geeking, which means a passion for the sphere of interests that is
not popular among peers, most often it is the field of information technology
and other scientific fields. Geeking involves the intensive use of the
Internet, in which young people delve into a particular area of interest, often
through connecting to their online interest group.
New media provide young people with a degree of freedom and autonomy
that is impossible within the school. On the Internet, adolescents find
reference individuals for themselves, and they are often much more
motivated to learn from them than from teachers at school.
Describing social networks as a factor of socialization of young people, it
can be noted that socialization in a social network is often spontaneous,
while the traditional process of socialization is a regulated and targeted
process. Young people themselves choose options for their existence in the
Internet space, they themselves find (or are found by) referents, they
themselves determine the ways and volumes of existence in the Internet
In the conditions of the general computerization, the Internet is also a factor
in the socialization of the individual, which has both positive and negative
effects on the development of the younger generation. It affects the process
of human learning patterns of behavior, social roles, values and cultural
Keywords:  socialization, social networks, cyber socialization, socialization
factors, youth

Victoria A. Shcherbakova
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public
Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia,
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5145-5027

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