WHAT MEANS TO BE A LEADER IN MODERN SCIENCE? THE VIEW OF YOUNG SCIENTISTS

  • The authors:
    Anatoly M. Ablazhey
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 570-576
  • Section: SCIENTIFIC LEADERSHIP: PHENOMENON, FORMATION PRACTICES IN THE MODERN UNIVERSITY
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/570-576/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-570-576

Abstract. Main question for me: what is happening today with the institute
of postgraduate school in Russian science. Some experts believe that the
changes took place here had a positive effect. Others, on the contrary, tend
to evaluate them negatively. (First of all, of course, we are talking about
academic graduate school. So, It was the object of our research). In the
center was the question of what makes young people go to graduate school,
what motivates them in their studies, whether they plan to choose a careerin
science, what are the criteria for its success. To study these problems, we
conducted the sociological survey of postgraduate students of academic
institutes in Novosibirsk Academgorodok. The methodology was based on a
comparative analysis the results of two studies: 2005 and 2018.
The results obtained are as follows. The most influential factors that
stimulate youth to strive for leadership in science are the conventionally
«romantic» factors: «interest in the process of cognition» and «desire to
realize my vocation». Slightly less popular are more rational motives:
«striving for a successful career in science» and «desire to get competitive
training». Only the third group consisted of motives that are not directly
related to science – «striving for a successful career outside of science» and
«desire to find work abroad».
We confirmed the trend identified in the 2005 survey – a traditional
scientific career (an employee of an academic institute) is still the most:
about 40% of graduate students; in a study in 2018 it was 43.5%. Thus, this
trend is sustainable and has remained virtually unchanged in recent years. A
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DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-570-576
similar trend is mainly true for the option «business in the field of science
and high technologies». So, the majority of the graduate students surveyed
is going to link their lives with the sphere of science, high technologies, and
broader intellectual production. The number of supporters of the “scientific
career in non-state scientific center” variant has not changed much. Only the
number of those who do not exclude for themselves the position of a teacher
at the university has increased significantly.
The postgraduate students of academic institutions are characterized by a
preference the traditional scientific career and the traditional criteria for its
success. The most significant criterion are: «authority among foreign
colleagues»; then is «the opportunity to deal with those scientific problems
that are of interest primarily to themselves, regardless of the situation and
financial considerations». We also can find «defense of Ph.D. and doctoral
theses» and «authority among Russian colleagues». The «high incomes at
the expense of science» is ranked only the fifth place. Finally, the least
popular criteria are «the number of received grants» and «the opportunity to
travel abroad often».
Postgraduate students seeking leadership understand it first and foremost as
success in the field of knowledge production, which has specific
characteristics. It is worth paying attention that the leading positions here
are occupied by purely professional criteria such as freedom of scientific
research and authority in the academic environment, and no means material.
Also important is the fact that graduate students remain faithful to the
traditional principles of the scientific ethos.
Keywords:Modern science; leadership; young scientists

Anatoly M. Ablazhey
Novosibirsk State University, Institute of Philosophy and Law
of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk,
Russia, e-mail: ablazhey63@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3693-8845

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