SOCIOLOGY OF INFORMATION PROCESSES: MODERN CULTURE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND CITATION IN RUSSIA AND IN GREAT BRITAIN

  • The authors:
    Ludmila A. Vasilenko
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 527-533
  • Section: EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND CULTURE IN A DIGITAL SOCIETY
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/527-533/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-527-533

Abstract. Digitization of society affects the consciousness and behavior of
scientists and heads of scientific organizations. Major changes have
occurred in the development of scientific information and communication
infrastructure of scientific research. At the same time, the expected fullfledged international scientific integration and cross-country cooperation of
scientists is not happening in the 21st century. There is a temptation to
introduce a quantitative measure of the quality of work of scientists, new
rules for financing research projects, and the participation of the scientific
community in assessing the quality of scientific publications.
The impact of the methods for evaluating the performance of science and
education on the level of social responsibility of scientists was discussed at
the methodological seminar RANEPA (Vasilenko L.A. 2013: 35).
Would Nicolaus Copernicus or Giordano Bruno become the leaders of the
citation indexes of their time? How to make so that the meaning of reforms
in education and science is not lost behind the “figure”? In a speech in the
regime of the teleconference, Daina Bennet (ICE – International Consultants
for Entrepreneurdhip and Enterprise, United Kingdom) cited data on the
lack of effectiveness of the selected quantitative indicators, since the citation
index does not take into account such an important component as social
efficiency, that is, the results that the scientific achievements bring to
society. There are cases when scientists with a high citation index were not
always able to offer innovations and solutions that are necessary at this
stage in the development of society. On the contrary, scientists with
significant results, but a low citation index, had no chance to receive
funding because of the low score of their research work within the
framework of the established system of criteria.
On the basis of a comparative analysis of Russian and foreign sociological
research, the author formulates general trends in cultural change and the
conditions for conducting scientific research. On the basis of the analysis
performed, the common problems inherent in both Russian science and
global science are revealed:
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DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-527-533
– the formation of requirements for scientific personnel and teachers, based
only on quantitative indicators of publication activity and citation, forcing
scientists to break the integrity of the research description;
– reliance on “external” funding “research scientists;
– short-term contracts and discriminatory rules for young researchers and
women.
Based on the analysis of empirical data of several sociological studies, the
author identified problems and peculiarities specific to Russian science:
– the main experts in the assessment of the teacher’s activities are
colleagues in the department and the head of the department, which
contributes to unfair competition in scientific and educational groups;
– a ban on joint research with foreign scientists funded from foreign sources
under the threat of becoming a “foreign agent”.
Summarizing all the above, we emphasize that the system of financing research should rely on the real scientific and practical contribution of
scientists to the development of the country, instead of the controversial and
not always correctly calculated citation index.
Digital technologies set a new context for creating and using knowledge,
shaping a modern culture of scientific research and evaluating their quality.
The findings can be a step towards mutual integration of Russian and world
science. It is important for scientists from different countries to know each
other’s professional capabilities, to form a common culture of research.
Society is the most complex self-organizing system. It can develop only if
there is a variety and richness of internal relations that unite the common
world universals of culture.
Keywords: Digital Sociology, Culture of Scientific Research, Science
Citation Index, Science International Communication

Ludmila A. Vasilenko
The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public
Administration, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: vasilenkola@mail.ru

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