THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND THE FEATURES OF INFORMATION CULTURE OF MASTER’S STUDENTS IN RUSSIA AND THE UK: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

  • The authors:
    Galina Bannykh
    Svetlana Kostina
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 464-472
  • Section: EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND CULTURE IN A DIGITAL SOCIETY
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/464-472/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-464-472

Abstract. Studying the phenomenon of information culture as the active
principle of information society started in the second half of the 20th
century due to increasing importance of information and information
technology. The new type of culture in its content and structure includes not
only the culture of the industrial society in the form of luxury, folk and
popular culture but also various subcultures and information culture with its
elements, such as screen culture, computer culture, and Internet culture. The
cultures of virtual reality in the material sphere germinate most clearly. This
is due to the phenomenon of automation, mechatronics, robotics,
information technology (especially computers). All these technical features
affect the skills of working with information, which is especially important
in the process of training, education and future profession.
The influence of the information society on the characteristics of
information culture today is often the subject of research. However, it is first
of all necessary to understand whether there are differences in the
characteristics of its formation and manifestation at the level of mature
persons studying at the second level of higher education. Basic information
skills for students acquire different levels of education. The master’s level is
the level of the formation of research skills and competencies, he
consciously makes a responsible choice of the older category of young
people and not only.
464
DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-464-472
Basic information skills for students acquire different levels of education.
We believe that masters, as well as those who are at the second, a higher
level of higher education, information culture in terms of performance and
information processing, must necessarily be formed at a high level. This
master’s level is the level of the formation of research skills and
competencies, he consciously makes a responsible choice of the older
category of young people and not only.
The purpose of the study is to determine the type, the general and highlight
the particular in the level and characteristics of the information culture of
graduate students in Russia and the UK.
Methodology. The concept of the information society is used as a
methodological base. Methods of research were the analysis of documents
and a case study in the form of a survey, conducted in 2018. The sample
size was 215 graduate students in Russia and the UK.
Findings. The type of information culture was studied in accordance with
the typology proposed by Choo: Russian students are more focused on
common rules, while groups of students from the UK tend to results and
teamwork.
Conclusions about the influence of the existing rules and traditions of
universities of the two countries on the attitudes of the students in the field
of scientific ethics, methods, and frequency of using various sources of
information, etc. were made. For example, British students are more then
Russian focused on traditional paper forms of information sources. Students
in the UK are less likely to write written works, so their main problems are
the choice and appropriateness of the format of work, it’s structuring, and
presentation of their thoughts. For Russians, the main problem is the rules of
formatting the work. Russian masters chose extreme options for working
with primary sources- they either read everything and rewrite everything in
their own words or simply copy the information, while their British
colleagues do not read everything and paraphrase only a part.
British students know more clearly what scientific ethics and copyrights are,
they know how to quote borrowed materials. At the same time, the
overwhelming majority consider plagiarism as a variant of unwanted
unethical behavior. For Russian students, the term “plagiarism” is more
familiar, in contrast to the rules of ethics and citation, while borrowing
someone else’s material for them is a variant of ethical behavior.
Keywords: Attitudes of information work, information culture, higher
education, master’s degree, plagiarism, technics of information work, types
of information sources

Galina Bannykh1, Svetlana Kostina2
1
Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia,
e-mail: g.a.bannykh@urfu.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8175-591X
2
Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia,
e-mail: s.n.kostina@urfu.ru

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