• The authors:
    Sofia Tsagdi
    Konstantinos Theologou
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 45-50
  • URL:
  • DOI:

Abstract. Visual methods are often marginalized in educational research and have not been employed to collect information about the co -existence of multiple cultures in schools and their influence on the students, eachers and the responding community. The aim of this presentation is to use isual methods for understanding the culture of schools and how images/visual messages formal or informal are perceived, processed by high school students in Greece and the extend of intergrading and acknowledging diversity of the examined school units. It reports on a participative esearch project in four secondary schools in Greece from distinctively different cultural and economic backgrounds. The strategy of research applied in this study is grounded theory and the qualitative methods of research are: structured interviews (4 interviews done and transcribed during one month), scaled questionnaires were distributed (80 done during one month and transcribed) and photography (800 photos done during one month and described) and repeated visits in schools. There were at least 80 students involved at the project during one month. Moreover this presentation draws on content analysis as a systematic, rigorous approach to analyzing documents/visual messages obtained or generated in the course of research. Finally the presentation will conclude that these approaches provide a comprehensive view of how visual images are produced and interpreted, and of what their potential social consequences may be. The use of visual methods is not without challenges however. Securing ethics approval and school participation along with problems with camera retrieval and protecting participant agency were some difficulties encountered in the current study. For those wishing to pursue less conventional research methodologies in educational settings, this presentation will also highlight potential benefits and struggles.
Keywords: visual signs, content analysis, multiculturalism, cultural nalysis

Sofia Tsagdi 1, Konstantinos Theologou 2
1 National and Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece,
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9515-7283
2 National and Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece,
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3883-601X

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