SOCIAL AND INFORMATIONAL PREREQUISITES FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF EDUCATION

Abstract. The study aims to identify the prerequisites that affect educational
transformation and shaping the personality in view of informatization. In
addition, the study aims to justify the creation and content of lifelong digital
skills training system.
The author focuses on the sets of factors providing specificity and direction
of educational transformation.
Technological factors cause by rapid convergence of basic communication
channels, information technologies and services. Increasing number of
information services provided by smart systems, rapidly developing
opportunities for machine learning and robotics lead to the active
substitution of human intellectual capacities by technologies.
Informational factors result from the increasing volume of structured and
unstructured data exceeding the opportunities of information technologies to
efficient data collection, storage, transfer and process. Increased,
uncontrolled and chaotic flow of information raises concern of
informational overload, when the amount of incoming useful data surpasses
the objective human possibilities of perception.
Communicative factors directly relate to the mobile informational exchange
actors and the popularity and accessibility of Web-based technologies. Both
interpersonal and collective interactions proceed far more quickly online,
than in real social groups. In turn, the Internet community instantly reacts on
problems emerging in society by appearing of values, norms, samples of
culture etc. Nevertheless, online communication frequently results in
changes of personal values, attitude, worldview, ways of thinking and
appearance of new forms of deviation.
Cognitive factors influence by the fact that knowledge in modern social
media is clear with the expectation that both of them are epistemologically
equal. The growth of haphazard distribution and use of information
resources leads to informational exchange polysemy; discrepancy between
formal relevant information and actual needs and requirements; multidubbing and creation of superfluous information resources. Devaluation of
the authority of knowledge sources and expert estimates results in
increasing infoglut.
435
DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-435-442
Socio-pedagogical factors due to the need for lifelong education that ensures
not just prompt update of educational attainment, but also free choice of
development path and the formation of a comfortable lifelong level of social
mobility. Education is the process, which is taking place not only in the
study room, but also inside of real processes. It becomes more efficient
because of detailed consideration and concrete problems solving.
The publication sets out the case for training and education of a person with
developed cognitive, communicative and technological skills through the
modernization of State educational standards, curriculum development and
changing skill requirements for graduates of training institutions at all
levels, in the following areas:
− development of media literacy skills;
− development of analytical and critical thinking skills;
− improving the level of information culture;
− promoting a responsible attitude to information security.
The formation of these skills should be lifelong, systemic, continuous
updating as new challenges are identified. Education should implement
according to changes in cognitive processes occurring among the new
generation of students under the impact of digital technologies.
Keywords: Education, informatization, digital skills

Dmitry A. Ivanchenko
The Information Center «Ushinskiy Library» of Russian Academy
of Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: idmi@mail.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4793-4893

Ivanchenko, D.A. 2016. Modern information and educational space and new
challenges of information society. Studies IUO RAO2 (58): 120-124.
Kolin, К.К., Ursul, A.D. 2015. Information and culture. Introduction to
informational culture studies. Moscow: Strategic priorities, 288 pp.
Obukhova, Y.О. 2012. Transformation of communicative practices under
the influence of mobile telecommunications: example of youngsters in
urban center: dissertation of a candidate of Sociological Sciences. SaintPetersburg: State University, St. Petersburg, 239 pp.
Robert, I.V. 2010. Modern information technologies in the sphere of
education: didactic issues; prospects for use. Moscow: IIОRАО, 140 pp.
Sokolova, I.V. 2008. Informatization of society as an object of sociological
study. Studies RGSU4: 20-26.