KEY PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION OF THE «THIRD AGE» PEOPLE: RUSSIAN VARIANT

  • The authors:
    Garold Zborovsky
    Polina Ambarova
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 378-384
  • Section: EDUCATION AND LABOR MARKET IN MODERN AND FUTURE WORLD
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/378-384/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-378-384

Abstract. Changes in the population of the «third age» under the influence
of the factor of education are considered. The necessity of creating a special
system of «silver» education for these people is proved.
The purpose of our study is to identify the potential and opportunities of
Russian education to create a holistic «silver» education in the country and
to determine the readiness of people of the «third age» to improve their own
educational level. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the following
tasks: 1) to identify regulatory and organizational opportunities to bring the
Russian education system in line with the educational needs of society and
the «silver» community; 2) to determine the readiness for interaction of
educational structures and the «silver» community; 3) to show the
trajectories, ways and forms of development of education «silver»
community.
The strategy of the research included the use of the following methods:
1.Survey of representatives of the social community of the «third age»,
including people of pre-retirement and retirement age. 2. Expert interviews
with representatives of educational, labor, non-profit organizations,
authorities and their subordinate institutions (employment services),
recruitment agencies working with the social community of the «third age».
3.Analysis of documents (normative and legal acts, state and municipal
target programs, conceptions of social projects, media materials, social
network content). 4. Analysis of statistical data (demographic statistics,
statistics on education, labor market).
The analysis of statistical and demographic data shows the quantitative
growth of the «silver» community. In 2018, the number of people of
retirement age alone (men aged 60 and over, women aged 55 and over) was
almost 37 million. In the next 5 years (until 2023) the number of «silver»
community is projected to exceed a third of the country’s population.
The «silver» community has a significant potential and growth resource in
relation to secondary vocational and higher education. The results of our
studies show a very contradictory attitude of people of the «third age» to
increase their own educational level. On the one hand, a large number of
Russians of pre-retirement age do not seek to study, improve their skills, get
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DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-378-384
a new profession. On the other hand, a certain part of the «silver»
community has already formed attitudes and willingness to implement the
strategy of active longevity, including through education. Hence, there is a
public need to disclose the educational potential of the social community of
the «third age» and the development of activities of state and non-state
structures for its formation and use.
One of the key problems is the organizational structures of most Russian
universities, institutions of secondary vocational and additional education
are not adapted to the needs of «silver» students. In the context of the
beginning of pension reform requires regulatory and legal provision of
education for the «third age» people. There is a need for a well-developed
law on adult education, which would stimulate the development of «silver»
education as a special subsystem within the all-Russian education system.
Our analysis of various practices in secondary vocational and higher
education organizations has shown that some of them have structures, units
and groups of teachers focused on working with adult students. These are
institutions of additional or continuing education. Cultural institutions also
have non-formal education practices for the «silver» community, but they
are clearly insufficient. However, studies show that there is no integral
«silver» education in the country. An important key problem of education of
the «third age» people is the readiness of the state, business and non-profit
organizations to work on the problem of education for the «silver»
community.
Keywords: population of the «third age», «silver» education, trajectories
and forms of «silver» education, interaction of educational structures and of
the «third age» people, normative support of the «silver» education

Garold Zborovsky1, Polina Ambarova2
1
Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia,
e-mail: garoldzborovsky@gmail.com
2
Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: borges75@mail.ru

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