COMPETENCES OF FUTURE ENGINEERS

  • The authors:
    Irina I. Kharchenko
    Natalya G. Nizovkina
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 361-368
  • Section: EDUCATION AND LABOR MARKET IN MODERN AND FUTURE WORLD
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/361-368/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-361-368

Abstract. The research is directed, on the one hand, to prove the additional
professional competences in innovations and business when training
engineers in modern conditions, on the other hand, – to analyze educational
behavior and professional competences of university students. The paper
discusses that the quality of training engineering students can be improved
not only at the expense of material base of higher educational institutions
and contribution of employers (the called positive changes of training
conditions are confirmed by our empirical data), but also due to the
students’ set of knowledge and skills – professional, technical, innovative,
research, economic and business. Also, it can be done by the creation of
motivation system to the professional and working activity. The originality
of the used approach and represented results is, in the fact, that these
conclusions are based on the data analysis of the mass sociological survey
of university senior students in Novosibirsk region (in 2016 2583
sociological questionnaires were gathered) and are confirmed by the case
from the real practice of big engineering university like Novosibirsk State
Technical University (NSTU). Method of comparison of three groups of the
interviewed students is applied in the research: engineering students of
NSTU, all engineering students, all students of the sample.
The material base of the most engineering departments in NSTU was greatly
enriched in recent years, including due to the cooperation with business.
However, there are problems of harmonization of professional competences
among students.
When interacting with enterprises students are absolutely not introduced to
their “economic world”. They do not analyze the organizational or
administrative tasks relating to production, logistics, quality, and
information systems. They do not define the marketing demands, which
could lead to the realization of the project on creation of an innovative
product or service.
These practical tasks could become the basis for the competence formation
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DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-361-368
to establish a new venture or activity on all aspects, including commercial,
financial, economic and legal ones. Apart from the traditional scientific and
technical training, the modern engineers should be trained in the context of
innovative and market environment.
On the case of NSTU which has different innovative structures (research
centers, centers of modern technologies, scientific-educational centers,
scientific laboratories), it is shown that this factor favorably affects the
results of professional education. As it was succeeded to find out, NSTU
students-engineers in general are more prepared for work on the specialty (in
comparison with average data). Also these students slightly differ from all
interrogated young people because they are more interested in innovations.
However many contradictions remain. Most of students of final years of this
university (on a self-assessment) are lack of practical skills necessary in
engineering work and the more so for business, they assessed relatively low
organizational and managerial competencies and not so remarkable
innovative ones. Author’s experience in teaching and executed observations
give the grounds to consider that the expected strong motivation of
entrepreneurship among graduates is not formed. At the same time the
career of businessman seems attractive to 44% of the interviewed students
of engineering specialties. Authors of the article are convinced that these
issues occur because of using an active learning methodology on the basis
of the large industrial enterprises where students-engineers fall into a rigid
hierarchical system. So they cannot get beyond the influence of large wellestablished structures and standard thinking.
We draw conclusion about the insufficiency of measures and processes,
which need to be applied in order to unite skills and habits in design,
technique, commercial, marketing and financial areas of future engineers for
transforming ideas into reality.
Keywords: professional competences, students, motivation, innovation,
engineering, entrepreneurship

Irina I. Kharchenko1, Natalya G. Nizovkina2
1
Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering Siberian Branch
of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia,
e-mail: I.Kharchen@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5348-0587
2
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russia,
e-mail: nizovkina@ngs.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3947-0849

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