AMBITION AND PERSONAL SPACE AS PHENOMENA OF SOCIAL INTERACTION

  • The authors:
    Oksana V. Barsukova
    Natalia N. Mozgovaya
    Ludmila V. Kosikova
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 306-312
  • Section: PROBLEMS OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION AND TRANSLATION
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/306-312/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-306-312

Abstract. The interest in phenomena, reflecting interaction of the person
with other people, realization of aspirations and potential is typical for the
Russian psychology. Ambition and personal space are such phenomena.
Social interaction is any manifestation of social activity that focused on
other people. Social interaction is interaction in everyday life, for example,
within a family, within a group of friends, within a small working group or a
student group, etc. So social interaction takes place in various spheres of
human life – family, professional, political and others.
On the one hand, a person feels the need for social interaction. On the other
hand, in the process of social interaction, a person realizes his intentions and
satisfies various needs. One of such needs is ambition.
Ambition is motivational psychic formation. It is aspiration of the person to
be a significant and recognized personality for others for the real
achievements important both for him and for other people. Ambition
includes desire of the person to improve his status, position in the world, to
achieve popularity, fame, power; to succeed, achieve a certain result and
heights. Ambition “makes” the person to go ahead and achieve some heights
on the professional and the social ladder. Ambitious person needs other
people: other person or other people for recognition of which the ambitious
person aspires. So ambition can be realized only in social interaction. In this
waywe can develop a typology of ambition according to the criterion “the
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DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-306-312
sphere of social interaction in which a person realizes and satisfies his
ambition”. For example, family interaction is family ambition or interaction
in professional activities – professional ambition.
Personal space is integrated psychological formation. In this phenomenon
the sources of such means and forms of relations are found, like hierarchy
and domination, cooperation, aggression, protection, identification and other
types of behavioral performance of the person, as well as development of
subjectivity of the personality. Personal space of the person gives him the
possibility to realize himself on a large scale.
Ambition influences and regulates personal space. Ambition determines the
content and boundaries of a personal space in person interaction with other
people. An ambitious person actively realizes himself in the areas of social
activity, significant for him, as a rule, this refers to professional growth and
career development, the place on “the professional scale”. Achievement of
the desired goal and realization of ambitious aspirations lead to achievement
of recognition of the person by his family members, colleagues and the
chief, and, in a more comprehensive sense, such person can gain global
recognition and become history (for instance, to become an Olympic
champion). As stated above, ambition is connected with the scope and the
importance of those tasks and affairs for which the personality accepts
responsibility as the subject of his life.
In interaction with other people the person satisfies his needs. Aspiring to
win recognition and to become a significant personality for other people
(ambition), the person can “broaden” his world, adding it with new content
or, on the contrary, “narrow” it, having concentrated on any one thing and
having refused another one (personal space). It can be assumed that
ambition and personal space are two interconnected phenomena. On the one
hand, they are due to the social interaction of the personality. But at the
same time they influence and define this social interaction. For example,
ambition “chooses” the sphere of social interaction and expands a person’s
personal space. Or other people hinder the satisfaction of ambition and
narrow the person’s personal space.
Keywords: psychology, ambition, motivation, personal space, social
interaction

Oksana V. Barsukova1, Natalia N. Mozgovaya2, Ludmila V. Kosikova3
1
Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
e-mail: knesinka@mail.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5253-398X
2
Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
e-mail: mozg291973@mail.ru
3
Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
e-mail: kosikova_l@mail.ru

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