• The authors:
    ElenaV. Zinchenko
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 257-263
  • URL:
  • DOI:

Abstract. A person’s appearance is considered by a number of Western and
Russian researchers as “social capital” with investment strength (Gordon R.
A. et al., 2013; Labunskaya V.A., Bzezyan А.А., 2018). In this regard, it is
especially promising to consider the potential of young people who are
focused on active self-realization both in the field of study and in family,
hobby, professional and socially beneficial activities (Obukhova Y.V. et al.,
2016). The study of assessments of the Russian students’ appearance in
connection with their assessments of their economic status and success of
educational activities is relevant.
Objectives: to determine the features of self-assessment and assessment of
the appearance of other people among Russian students with different
subjective assessments of their economic status. The assessment of the
appearance of other people has been understood as the assessment of the
appearance of other students and teachers of their university. The
relationship of self-assessment and assessment of the appearance of other
people by students with their subjective assessment of the success of
educational activities was considered.
Participants -135 university students aged from 16 to 35.
Methods. 1) A questionnaire “Subjective assessment of an economic status”
(Labunskaya, 2016). 2) A questionnaire “Self-assessment and assessment of
appearance” (Labunskaya, 2016). 3) We have developed a questionnaire to
assess the subjective success of student learning activities. There, a student
has been asked to evaluate his academic performance, active participation in
learning activities and satisfaction with education process. 4) Spearman’s
correlation analysis, non-parametric Mann-Whitney test.
Results. More than half of the sample (55.5% of respondents) evaluated
their economic status as “Rather poor than rich”, the remaining 44.5%
classified themselves as “Rather rich than poor”.
Data analysis showed that the subjective assessment of their economic
status by students is related to their subjective assessment of the success of
educational activities. At the same time, higher grades of their economic
DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-257-263
status correlate with higher grades of academic achievement, degree of
learning activity and satisfaction with learning.
A comparison has been made of groups of respondents with different
economic status in terms of their self-assessment of their appearance, the
assessment of their teacher’s appearance and the appearance of other
students. It was determined that students who consider themselves “rather
rich than poor” evaluated higher both their appearance and a teacher’s
appearance, than students who consider themselves to be poor rather than
rich. The indicator for assessing the appearance of other students has not
been significantly different in the two studied groups.
Relationships have been established between the indicator of class missing
and self-assessment of appearance. The results show that attendance is not
related to the self-assessment of the appearance, but is related to the
assessment of the appearance of teachers and other students. The higher it
is, the higher the likelihood that a student absents only for a good reason.
Subjective assessment by students of their economic status is connected
with self-assessment of the appearance, assessment of the appearance of
teachers, but does not have a significant impact on the assessment of the
appearance of other students. High self-assessment of the appearance of a
teacher and other students is positively associated with attendance. Students
with a high assessment of their economic status more highly evaluate the
success of their learning activities as a whole than students with a low
assessment of their economic status.
Keywords: appearance, self-assessment, education, economic status

ElenaV. Zinchenko
South Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7262-9583

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