• The authors:
    Nina E. Tatarintseva
    Marina G. Zelinskaya
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 249-256
  • URL:
  • DOI:

Abstract. The federal state educational standard for preschool education
requirements and targets determines the importance of supporting the
initiative and independence of children in their specific activities through
the construction of a social situation.
The senior preschool age is defined by researchers as a sensitive period of
development of socially significant personal qualities (L. S. Vygotsky, A. V.
Zaporozhets, A. N. Leontyev, S. L. Rubinstein).
The trends of volunteering development have conditioned the response of
the preschool education to modern challenges in the form of the
implementation of projects for the involvement of preschool children in
volunteering activities of various directions.
Analysis of the professional training of future pedagogues of preschool
education shows that special educational subjects are not included in the
state educational standard that would prepare future pedagogues of
preschool education for the development of the initiative of senior preschool
children based on children’s volunteering of preschool educational
Thus, the significance of the problem of developing initiative of senior
preschool children on the basis of children’s volunteering is actualized by
the social order of the society (social and pedagogical level); by the lack of
theoretical grounds and practical recommendations for pedagogues on the
organizing of volunteering for senior preschoolers and by a sensitive period
of the preschool childhood.
The purpose of the study is the scientific substantiation, development and
testing of pedagogical conditions for the development of initiative of senior
preschool children on the basis of volunteer activities.
The use of a comprehensive research methodology is supposed, which
includes the study, analysis and generalization of philosophical,
psychological, pedagogical, and managerial literature on the problem under
study; development and conduct of experiments for identification,
DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-249-256
transformation and control, quantitative and qualitative analysis of the data
The development of initiative implies a transition from the joint activities of
a preschool child and an adult to the independent activity of a child in
certain created conditions. This can be achieved by building a social
situation with the participation of senior preschoolers in volunteering.
In the course of the study, volunteer projects were implemented: measures
to support children of the cancer center (“New Year’s post card for a distant
friend”, participation of children of preschool age together with volunteers
in a theatrical performance); help in the daily life of children of junior
groups of the nursery school; environmental protection measures (waste
paper collection, bird feeding, separate garbage collection, planting flowers,
etc.); help for children with special development (preparation of theatrical
attributes), etc.
During the work, pedagogues had a number of questions on the organizing
of volunteer activities and the creation of conditions for the manifestation of
children’s initiative.
The obtained results became the basis for the development of a model of
formation of pedagogue’s readiness for the development of initiative of
senior preschool children on the basis of volunteer activities.
The model project is a model and block structure consisting of the following
elements: target; organizational and pragmatist and effective (respectively
goal principles and objectives levels; stages directions, types and forms of
pedagogues’ activities; indicators of formation of pedagogues’ readiness for
the development of children’s initiativity on the basis of volunteer activities,
As the main factor of formation of the model system, a socially-oriented
practice is considered, which will involve pedagogues, preschool children,
parents and social partners. Consequently, future pedagogues will not be
just listeners of information, but they will receive knowledge and skills
through an active search.
Thus, the intended result of the model implementation is the formation of a
complex of professional competencies of the future pedagogue – organizer
of children’s volunteering activities with the aim of developing initiativity of
senior preschool children.
Keywords: initiativity, senior preschool age, volunteering activities,
readiness of pedagogues

Nina E. Tatarintseva¹, Marina G. Zelinskaya²
¹Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9368-7574
²Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,

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