• The authors:
    Аlla А. Osipova
    Victoria F. Boguslavskaya
    Alexander V. Miroshnichenko
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 228-233
  • URL:
  • DOI:

Abstract. The article deals with such a problem of education as the
interrelation of semantic barriers and learning efficiency. Learning, as a
process of interaction between teacher and student, has a complex structure,
due to the polymotivation of both parties. The effectiveness of such
interaction is influenced by a very large number of factors – both objective,
related to the learning conditions, and subjective, related to the personality
characteristics of students and teachers, students’ attitude to learning
activities, the presence of positive experience in overcoming problems.
Training is a complex system, the set of elements of which are
interconnected both linearly and probabilistically and nonlinearly. The
structure of any system necessarily includes barriers that ensure the integrity
of the system and prevent its collapse. The educational activity of students
has an external and internal side. Students in the framework of the
implementation of educational activities may experience semantic barriers
that affect its effectiveness. The semantic sphere of a person is constantly
evolving, which creates the potential for reaching new, higher levels of
development. Overcoming the semantic barrier leads to an increase in the
quality of learning activities. The presence of rigid and stagnant semantic
barriers inhibits and distorts learning activities. The effectiveness of any
human activity, including learning, is determined by many factors, among
which the most important role is played by the ability to overcome obstacles
to achieve the goal. Psychological barriers that reduce the effectiveness of
training become such obstacles in the university. They inhibit the thought
processes of students. Because of the fear of failure, anxiety, fear, low selfesteem and excessive self-criticality, even gifted students cannot fully reveal
their abilities, realize their knowledge and skills acquired during their
studies. Traditionally, barriers are perceived as something undesirable that
DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-228-233
creates interference, but it must be borne in mind that barriers are permanent
attributes of life, its necessary satellites. Any integral system consisting of
elements owes its existence to the barriers that prevent its disintegration.
Man himself has ceased to be a savage only because of such a barrier as
conscience – which is considered as the core of any civilized society. Barrier
is a psychological phenomenon (represented in the form of images,
sensations, experiences, etc.), which reflects the properties of the object to
limit the manifestations of human life, to hinder the satisfaction of his
needs. The absence of a barrier devalues a subject of any need, therefore it
can be noted that the presence of barriers makes learning more attractive for
Keywords:education, training, student, meaning, barrier

Аlla А. Osipova1, Victoria F. Boguslavskaya2,
Alexander V. Miroshnichenko3
Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9291-7753
Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3510-1704

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