TEACHER IN THE SYSTEM OF ADOLESCENTS’ SUICIDAL BEHAVIOUR PREVENTION

  • The authors:
    Anatoly Merenkov
    Ilya Levchenko
    Elena Grunt
  • Issue: July 24-26th, 2019
  • Pages: 158-164
  • Section: INCLUSIVE AND SPECIAL EDUCATION: GLOBAL AND LOCAL CHALLENGES OF MODERN WORLD
  • URL: http://conference-ifl.rudn.ru/158-164/
  • DOI:
    10.22363/09669-2019-158-164

Abstract. The article is devoted to the sociological analysis of the issue of
identifying the school teachers’ readiness level to organize effective
prophylactic work to prevent suicidal acts among adolescents in the face of
increasing influence of information on the Internet and social networks on
their behavior. Today, the Internet is in the first place among the massmedia for the rapid search of information by a person. In modern conditions,
the Internet provides ample opportunities for adolescents to search various
kind of information, some of which calls adolescents for suicide. Parents
and teachers cannot always track what kind of information a teenager
receives from the Internet. All this testifies to the relevance of the research
topic. Meanwhile, this issue has not been sufficiently studied in Russian
sociology. The major research objectives were to studyrespondents’ ideas
about the reasons causing adolescents to suicide and the role of school
teachers in preventing suicidal behaviour.
The study was conducted in 2017-2018 in the city of Yekaterinburg, in
Russia. The research methodology combined both quantitative and
qualitative approaches. The primary data was collected using questionnaires
and in depth-interviews. The in-depth interviews (14) were organized for
school teachers to obtain information on the degree of their readiness to
engage in suicide prevention among adolescents.
Results. The study has shown that the respondents’ life experience acquired
in the process of transition from school to professional education at a
college or at the university affects the suicide causes assessment. The
students of these educational organizations revealed more complete ideas
about the influence of such factors as loneliness and the level of
development of rational thinking on the occurrence of suicidal attitudes
under the influence of subjects involved in their formation through the
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DOI: 10.22363/09669-2019-158-164
Internet. No matter the age, young people do not believe that teachers can
professionally develop adolescents’ skills to resist attempts to impose the
destructive behaviour using the Internet technologies. The study has
revealed that the respondents believe that only their parents are interested in
the inward man and they can be engaged in the prevention of suicidal
behaviour.
Teachers note that school did not develop a system of professional
educational work with children of different ages. Nobody taught them how
to identify the nature and content of children’s communication with
different subjects in social networks.
The main task of the school is still getting students knowledge in various
disciplines, and it does not form the individual’s life values and attitudes in
the process of growing up. The respondents did not single out those subjects
of schoolchildren’ socialization who possess the necessary knowledge,
techniques to successfully develop resilience, and to resist attempts to
impose an attitude on the voluntary deprivation of one’s life.
The system of training teachers for teaching and educating students of
different ages, whose socialization takes place in qualitatively different
sociocultural conditions, requires taking into account the influence of social
networks on the content of their value orientations and attitudes. One of the
leading tasks of a teacher’s activity is to develop the ability of adolescents to
select the information flow received on the Internet, that provides increased
self-confidence, development of will and patience in overcoming difficulties
and the ability to appreciate life in all its manifestations. In this regard, there
is a need for teachers to acquire the skills of independent analysis of texts
and messages appearing on the Internet, social networks, identifying among
them aimed at establishing in the minds of students’ attitudes towards
destructive behaviour.
Keywords: suicide, adolescents, teacher, prevention of adolescent suicide

Anatoly Merenkov1, Ilya Levchenko2, Elena Grunt3
1
Ural Federal University name after the first President of Russian Federation
B.N. Eltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: anatoly.mer@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5900-0863
2
Ural Federal University name after the first President of Russian Federation
B.N. Eltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: ilevchenko08@mail.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3619-4797
3
Ural Federal University name after the first President of Russian Federation
B.N. Eltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: helengrunt2002@yandex.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2284-543X

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